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Homeschool Resources: Structures and Functions of Sentences
The Four Structures of Sentences
There are four different types of sentence structures: simple, compound, complex, and compound-complex.
A simple sentence consists of a single independent clause.
A compound sentence consists of two or more independent clauses connected by a comma and a coordinating conjunction or a semi-colon.
A complex sentence consists of one independent clause and one or more subordinate clauses.
A compound-complex sentence consists of two or more independent clauses and one or more subordinate clauses.
The Four Functions of a Sentence
Sentences are classified as declarative, imperative, interrogative, or exclamatory.
A declarative sentence states and idea and ends with a period.
An imperative sentence gives an order or a direction and ends with either a period or an exclamation mark.
An interrogative sentence asks a question and ends with a question mark.
An exclamatory sentence demonstrates a strong emotion and ends with an exclamation mark.
Combining sentences makes reading more interesting to mature readers. However, sentences must be combined correctly. Sentences can be combined by using a compound subject, a compound verb, or a compound object.
Two independent clauses combined to form a compound sentence. You can also combine two sentences by changing one of the independent clauses into a subordinate clause by using a subordinating conjunction such as after, although, because, before, even though, if, since, until, when, and while – to name a few. Another way to combine sentences is to change one of the independent clauses into a phrase.
The following resources will help you learn more about sentence structure, sentence function, and combining sentences:
Web English Teacher: Sentence Structure Lesson Plans
K12 Reader: Sentence Structure Worksheets
Busy Teacher: How To Teach Sentence Structure: Easy Object Lesson With Zero Preparation (You will have to answer a short survey or share the page on social media to gain access to the material but I did it and it wasn’t a big deal.)
Intervention Central: Sentence Combining: Teaching Rules of Sentence Structure by Doing
Sentence Play: Teaching Tips, Games, and Printables
E Reading Worksheets: Sentence Structure Worksheets
Busy Teacher’s Cafe: Sentences
My English Pages: Grammar Lessons – Sentence and Sentence Structure
Time 4 Writing: Improving Sentence Structure
Grammar Revolution: Sentence Structure
Instructor Web: Sentence Structure Lesson Plan
InfoPlease: Sentence Functions
E Reading Worksheets: Types of Sentences Worksheets
Public Computing Services: Kinds of Sentences by Function Practice
K12 Reader: 4 Sentence Types
Slideshare: Unit 15 – Functions of Sentences
ProProfs Quiz Maker: 4 Functions of Sentences (Take an online quiz.)
Quia: Types of Sentences (Take another online quiz.)
Common Core Sheets: Sentence Type Worksheets (Choose a worksheet and you will be taken to a printable PDF file.)
Commnet.edu: Sentence Combining Skills
Literacy Education Online: Combining Sentences for Variety and Clarity
Your Dictionary: Rules for Combining Sentences
shsu.edu: Combining Sentences 2
Worksheets.com: Combining Sentences
Study Zone: Compound Sentences
Online Writing Lab: Combining Sentences
a4esl.org: Sentence Combining
Youtube Videos for Teaching Sentence Structures and Functions
Here are a few additional resources for your homeschool library:
Previous Grammar Lesson Resources: