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Homeschool Resources: Fragments and Run-ons
A fragment is a phrase, clause, or series of words punctuated as if it were a complete sentence. Sometimes writers do this on purpose to make a point and many people do this in informal writing especially on social media, text messages, or short informal notes. However, sentence fragments are considered errors. Fragment errors may be corrected by properly punctuating the fragment and a sentence on either side so that they combine to form a complete sentence. Fragments may also be corrected by simply adding missing words and punctuating the complete sentence correctly. Another thing to remember is that the length of the sentence does not make it a complete sentence or a fragment. A complete sentence must contain a subject and a verb.
A run-on is two or more sentences together punctuated as if they are one sentence. There are four ways to correct a run-on sentence:
Add end marks (period, question mark, exclamation mark).
Add commas and conjunctions.
Add a semi-colon.
Rewrite the sentence.
The following resources will help you learn more about fragments and run-on sentences.
SHSU.edu: Post Test
Online Writing Lab (This is from the same family of website as OWL above but this is a different activity.
Swarthmore College: Writing@Swarthmore
a4esl.org: Identifying Sentence Problems (Online Quiz)
The following resources are from various Teachers Pay Teachers stores.
Fragments and Run-ons Task Cards from Rachel Lynette
Video Powerpoint, Notes, and Quizzes from Mrs. Burditt
Powerpoint Presentation from Kimberly Dana
Teaching Fragments and Run-ons Using Celebrity Tweets from Amber Karlins
Watch the following video about fragments and run-ons.
You might find the following resource a helpful addition to your homeschool library. I have not used this resource personally, but it has received good reviews. You can read those reviews right there on the Amazon website when you click to learn more about this item.
A Sentence a Day by Samantha Prust does not focus primarily on fragments and run-on sentences but it provides your students with a variety of proofreading exercises to help them become better sentence writers.
Click Here to learn more about A Sentence A Day and to purchase a copy for your young writer.
Previous Grammar Lesson Resources: